Saturday, July 19, 2014

Ocular bobbing and dipping

Ocular bobbing, dipping and floating are not too rare, if you keep examining your comatose and brainstem patients repeatedly. We discuss the few things that are known about these eye movement disorders and relish the wonderful poem of Ross 1992:

You’re called to the bedside, the eye movements are strange.
There must be a reason, can you give it a name?
You’ve seen this before, but can you recall?
You’re the Neurologist, you’re supposed to know all!

In bobbing and dipping, the eyes go down.
“How is that?” you ask with a frown.
The first is brisk, the second is slow.
The meaning differs; you must know.

Bobbing suggest pons; dipping an anoxic brain.
As always, there are some exceptions to name.
Metabolic encephalopathy can make the eyes bob.
Cerebellar hemorrhage and trauma complete the log.

To remember all this, you need something terse.
But wait, don’t forget, it could be reverse!
In each of these cases, it’s up the eyes go.
Bobbing is fast and dipping is slow.

Reverse bobbing may be something you see, 
again, with metabolic encephalopathy.
Reverse dipping, a rare clinical nidus,
is reported in AIDS with cryptococcal meningitis.

Despite the confusion, one thing is plain.
The eyes don’t work right, whatever the name.
Wheter bobbing or dipping or reversing is true,
it can’t be good; just be glad it’s not you!

I would add that in Bobbing usually the horizontal VOR fails (with calorics or doll’s head maneuver). Here is a link to an article about the stuff
The clinical spectrum of ocular bobbing and ocular dipping. JNNP 1988.

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